Work motivation and stress reduction
What is work motivation?
Have you ever felt a noticeable amount of stress when you were feeling unmotivated to perform work assignments or even go to work at all? This is not an unusual problem. In fact, studies have found that work motivation and stress are actually related to one another. Work motivation is defined as how much an individual is willing—or wants to—go to work and perform their work related duties and responsibilities. When work motivation is high, an individual is likely to enjoy attending work, performing their responsibilities, and even enjoying challenges which present themselves during the course of their work related responsibilities. On the other hand, when work motivation is low, an individual is not likely to enjoy going to work—they may even be late for work, or skip it entirely—and they may perform their work related duties halfheartedly, resulting in lower work productivity and even poorer work quality.
Why is work motivation important?
Work motivation is very important to both companies and employees. Work motivation is important to companies because companies must rely on their employees feeling motivated; without motivation, employees may not come into work or perform their assigned duties to a satisfactory level. Work motivation is important to employees because, simply put, it makes their work experience more enjoyable. And, as recent studies have uncovered, work motivation results in overall less stress for employees in a working field. This stress can not only affect the psychological emotions of an employee—it can affect the productivity of a business. Higher levels of stress are known to correspond to work related problems, such as tardiness, absences, and most unfortunately, a higher employee turnover rate. When an employee is late, it means that they are not producing as many work hours as they could have, if they were arriving to work on time. When they are absent, it not only means an entire day of work is lost, it could create complications for other employees—such as those which rely on an employee for instructions or assistance—as well as the business itself. When employees become too stressed by their work, they sometimes quit. This may indicate a high turnover rate for a business or a particular position within a business, which can negatively affect everything from work productivity to overall motivation by employees in the company.
Work motivation and stress reduction
In a recent study undergone by the Department of Psychology at Gothenburg University, researchers found that work motivation can be a decisive factor in how much stress an employee experiences because of their job. A higher level of work motivation was found to correspond to a lower level of stress, while a lower level of work motivation corresponded to a higher level of stress. This information is incredibly important to the business world because of the importance of work motivation in any business field. These high levels of stress, as mentioned above, can cause a myriad of problems in a company. Because work motivation can be the key to reducing stress, it is very important that businesses know how to inspire work motivation and to keep it at a consistent, high level.
The inspiration for work motivation can vary from employee to employee. Some people are motivated by rewards, such as monetary bonuses, additional vacation time or other perks awarded by employers to employees who meet certain work related criteria. These criteria can include certain sales quotas, a specific amount of work done, or even a consistently positive and quality work performance. Other people may be motivated by challenges, such as interesting cases, solving problems in the workplace, or having to otherwise deal with difficult challenges to overcome in a work environment. And still other people are inspired to have higher work motivation for different reasons, such as enjoying their place or work or enjoying producing work which has a noticeably positive affect on customers. A business must know how to take advantage of all these reasons for work motivation and, in a sense, cultivate them to their employees in the right way. For this reason, it is important that a business knows how to understand its employees and react accordingly to that understanding. It will do no good for a business to provide rewards for motivation if none of its employees are particularly motivated through rewards.
A business which is able to recognize reasons for motivation will be much more successful in reacting to them accordingly. To motivate an employee through rewards, for example, a transcription company could provide a special monetary reward for employees who are able to transcribe several hundred documents in the course of a working month. Employees of the company who feel motivated through rewards will be more motivated to work harder and be more productive. This same company, to reward people who are motivated by challenges, could present those people with particularly tough transcription audio files or documents. The challenge will motivate people who are inspired by them to work harder and get them transcribed. It is possible for businesses to reduce stress by tailoring their motivational strategies from employee to employee, by offering multiple means of motivation, such as in the aforementioned example.
The psychological impact of stress on the workplace cannot be overstated. Work motivation is key to a successful business, and stress—which causes tardiness, lower productivity or lower quality work—can be a major stumbling block on the profits of a company. Stress reducing through work motivation is an important tool which businesses can use to decrease stress in their workplace and thus, increase their chances for success in an increasingly competitive business world. A company which produces less stress through more motivation in their workplace is more likely to see employees who are happy, productive, and motivated to perform to the best of their ability.