Task-oriented work procedures
Task oriented procedures are the tasks or activities which make up a position
The process of job analysis, or the process of characterizing and identifying the content of a particular job, relies on an analyst’s ability to define and separate work procedures within any given position. Every job is made up of various work procedures, which include but are not limited to: assignments, tasks, requirements, or other procedures which may be a part of a workday. A job analysis relies on defining these procedures in order to better define what makes up a particular position or job within a company or within the workforce.
There are two main perspectives which a job analyst will look at when they are creating an analysis for a position. These two perspectives are task oriented procedures and worker oriented procedures. Worker oriented procedures are procedures which require certain human characteristics or attributes in order to be successfully completed.
Task oriented procedures are the tasks or activities which make up a position. Task oriented procedures include work related responsibilities, work related tasks which must be completed, and other work related duties and functions that someone in a particular position must accomplish. When looking at task oriented procedures, a job analyst will need to clearly examine what these procedures are and define them in a clear and understandable way. Typically, a job analyst will be able to observe people performing their task oriented procedures on a regular work day in order to help them better define what must be done for a specific position. Sometimes, an analyst will simply be told what the task related functions in a certain position are—although it is generally recommend that employers allow an analyst access during an observational period so that their write-up will be more accurate and realistic.
Task oriented procedures are essential within the process of job analysis because it allows a position to be defined by its tasks—this has several noticeable and important benefits. A well written analysis of task oriented procedures will benefit the company when they are seeking to hire new employees to fill certain positions because a well-written and clearly written task oriented analysis will allow them to seek out applicants who can fill those duties, responsibilities, functions and so on. A well written analysis will also benefit people who are looking for employment because they will be able to read about their expected task related responsibilities on the job and can better determine whether or not they should—or if they even desire to—apply for the position. Another benefit to employers is that, when a position is clearly explained through an analysis, it is more likely for employees working in that position to fulfill all of their obligations. And when someone is not living up to company expectations, employers can often consult the task oriented analysis as a general guide to determining why or how someone is not living up to expectations. In general, a task oriented analysis benefits not only employers but employees as well, because they will be able to consult an analysis for a succinct and accurate summary of what they are expected to due during their working life.